'ATĀ MUHAMMAD KHĀN BĀRAKZAĪ, son of Paindā Khān Bārakzaī, became the governor of Kashmīr in 1809. When Shāh Shujā', the king of Afghanistan, was dethroned, he fled towards the Punjab. At Attock he was captured by the governor, Jahāṅdad Khān, who sent him to Kashmīr to be handed over to his brother 'Atā Muhammad Khān. Kashmīr was coveted by Fateh Khān, the Kābul Wazīr, as well as by Raṇjīt Siṅgh. Both set up a joint expedition and their armies defeated 'Atā Muhammad Khān who was replaced by Fateh Khān's real brother, 'Azim Khān, as governor of Kashmīr. Raṇjīt Siṅgh's prize was Shāh Shujā' who was freed from 'Atā Muhammad Khān's custody by the Mahārājā's men and brought to Lahore as his guest. From him the Mahārājā secured the celebrated diamond, Koh-i-Nūr.
Harī Rām Gupta