BHEṚĀ SRĪ GOBIND SIṄGH JĪ KĀ, also known as Vār Bheṛe kī Pātshāhī Das, is an anonymous account, in Punjabi verse, of the battles of Anandgaṛh, Nirmohgaṛh and Chamkaur (1762 Bk/AD 1705). Bheṛa from bheṛ in Punjabi means a head on clash between two rival forces. A manuscript of this work was discovered in Bābā Bīr Siṅgh's ḍerā at Nauraṅgābād, near Amritsar, and has since been published in an anthology, entitled Prāchīn Vārāṅ te Jaṅgnāme, brought out by the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee in 1950. The Bheṛā comprises twenty four cantos of unequal length written in the poetic metre Nishānī, with each canto preceded by a ślokā.
The Bheṛā opens in the traditional style with a hymn to the Deity. The hymn is followed by a verbal duel between Kalh and Nārad, the former urging the latter to incite some tumult. The poem then describes the battles which took place at Anandpur and Chamkaur. The immediate cause of the conflict is given as Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's refusal to pay the nā'lbandī tax imposed on him by the Rājā of Kahlūr within whose territory fell Anandpur. The poem provides vivid descriptions of battle scenes which, from the details given, might be from the pen of an eyewitness. In the encounter against the attacking force which had besieged the Anandgaṛh Fort, near present-day Gurdwārā Kesgaṛh Sāhib, Sikhs such as Jīvan Siṅgh Raṅghreṭā, Lāl Siṅgh Peshāvarīā, Bachittar Siṅgh, Ude Siṅgh and one called Halīm Khān fought with valour. Among the heroes of Chamkaur mentioned by name are Bhāī Sant Siṅgh and the two sons of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, Ajīt Siṅgh and Jujhār Siṅgh. The poet erroneously includes the name of the third son Zorāwar Siṅgh as well. The last canto takes the narration from the battle of Chamkaur to Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's departure for the South, his meeting with the Mughal emperor and despatch of Bandā Siṅgh Bahādur to the Punjab, to chastise Nawāb Wazīr Khān of Sirhind.
Jīt Siṅgh Sītal