GIĀN PRABODH (Guide to Enlightenment), included in Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's Dasam Granth, is a long poem in Braj employing sixteen different metres. It comprises two independent parts, the first, i.e. the introductory one (stanzas 1 to 125), beginning with laudation of the Almighty who is depicted as Supreme, beyond comprehension, non-dual, infinite, invisible, unattached, desireless and fearless. The Supreme Being is the Creator and Succourer of the universe, and the Embodiment of Supreme Bliss. He is beyond Time and beyond retribution for karma. All pilgrimages, practices of yoga, renunciation of the world, are meaningless if He is not remembered. The second part consists of 211 stanzas (126-336), each a quatrain with the exception of two couplets (250 and 253). The theme of this part is the practical philosophy of the world. The expositions are professed in the form of highly metaphysical dialogues, between Jīvātman and Paramātman, and the nature of ātman and fourfold worldly dharma i.e. politics (rāj dharma), charity (dān dharma), household life (bhog dharma) and liberation (mokṣa dharma) have been defined. How this fourfold religion of man is to be lived is illustrated from the legends of the Mahābhārata and from the tales of the successors of Yudhishṭhira and his brothers, namely Prikṣit, Janmejya and his son, Ajai Siṅgh, born of a concubine.


  1. Loehlin, C.H.,The Granth of Guru Gobind Singh and the Khalsa Brotherhood. Lucknow, 1971
  2. Ashta, Dharam Pal, The Poetry of the Dasam Granth. Delhi, 1959
  3. Jaggī, Ratan Siṅgh, Dasam Granth Parichaya. Delhi, 1990

Dharam Pāl Āshṭā