NAND SIṄGH (1895-1926), a Babar revolutionary, was born in 1895 at the village of Ghuṛiāl, in Jalandhar district. He lost his father, Gaṅgā Siṅgh, in his early childhood and was brought up by an elder brother. He was married at the age of fifteen and worked as a carpenter in his own village until he left for Basrā, in Iraq, in search of a better living. While he was in Basrā, he was deeply moved by events in the Punjab such as the Jalliāṅvālā Bāgh tragedy and the Nankāṇā Sāhib massacre. Resolved to dedicate himself to the cause of Gurdwārā reform, he returned to India and was sentenced to six months' imprisonment for participating in Gurū kā Bāgh agitation. The atrocity perpetrated on peaceful Akālī volunteers had embittered his heart and he decided to renounce non-violence in favour of violence. He joined the radical Babar Akālī Jathā and encompassed the murder, on 17 April 1923, of Sūbadār Gendā Siṅgh of his own village. The Sūbadār had incurred the displeasure of the Bābār Akālīs by acting as an informer against the group and against the Akālīs of the area. Nand Siṅgh was arrested five days after the murder. He was awarded death sentence and was hanged, with Kishan Siṅgh Gaṛgajj, leader of the Babar Akālī movement, on 27 February 1926.


  1. Ghosh, Kali Charan,. The Roll of Honour : Anecdotes of Indian Martyrs. Calcutta, 1965
  2. Makhsūspurī, Sundar Siṅgh, Babar Akālī Lahir. Amritsar, 1970
  3. Chānd (Phāṅsī Aṅk). November 1928
  4. Nijjar, B.S., History of the Babar Akalis. Jalandhar, 1987

Kamlesh Mohan