NAND SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1888-1921), one of the Nankāṇā Sāhib martyrs, was born on 15 Sāvan 1945 Bk/29 July 1888, the son of Bhāī Bhagvān Siṅgh and Māī Nihāl Kaur of Thothīāṅ village in Amritsar district. He learnt Urdu at school. After the death of his father in 1902, he as the eldest male member of the family had to engage in farming until his three younger brothers grew up to undertake the responsibility. He then joined the army, trained as a unit signaller and served during the First Great War (1914-18). On his release from service, he got up a small chorus to sing the holy hymns. He attended the Dhārovālī political conference on 1-3 October 1920 and became a reform activist. He now toured the villages singing ballads of old Sikh martyrs, and preaching the programme of Akālī reform. He joined Bhāī Lachhmaṅ Siṅgh Dhārovālī's jathā which was massacred by the hired assassins of Mahant Naraiṇ Dās of Gurdwārā Janam Asthān on 20 February 1921.


    Shamsher, Gurbakhsh Siṅgh, Shahīdī Jīvan. Nankana Sahib, 1938.

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī