NIHĀLŪ CHAḌḌHĀ, BHĀĪ, was a devoted Sikh who lived in Āgrā. Once he, accompanied by Bhāī Saktū Mahitā, visited Amritsar to pay obeisance to Gurū Arjan. According to Bhāī Manī Siṅgh, Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā, they sought instruction saying, "Some believe that liberation is not possible without virtuous actions; there are others who assert that all action is merely temporal and that spiritual knowledge or insight, giān (jñāna), alone is the means of attaining liberation. Which path should we follow?" Gurū Arjan said, "Divine Name is the link between the temporal being and the Ultimate Reality. Good deeds, selflessly performed, along with concentration on the Name, purify the Self and lead to self-realization. Giān, without the Name, is incomplete. It finds consummation only in absorption in the True Name. You should, therefore, constantly recite the Name, i.e. Vāhigurū." Bhāī Nihālū and Bhāī Saktū practised nām and attained to parampad, the state of spiritual bliss.