OMS (d. 1828), a Spaniard, also known as Amise, Mūsā Sāhib, Ums and Hommus, served in Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh's army. As a young man, he had enlisted in Napoleon's artillery. After France's defeat in 1815, he set out on his travels and reached Persia where he obtained employment declaring himself to be a Frenchman. He left Persia in 1824, reaching Lahore in 1826. He took up service under Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh on a salary of Rs 1,200 per month and was given command of two battalions of infantry and a regiment of cavalry. His force was stationed in the quadrangles of Jahāṅgīr's tomb in Shāhdarā, near Lahore. In 1828, his troops took part in the Kāṅgṛā expedition. He returned to Lahore in August the same year. In September, he died of cholera and was buried with full military honours within the precincts of Jahāṅgīr's tomb.


    Grey, C., European Adventurers of Northern India (1785-1849) [Reprint]. Patiala 1970

Gulcharan Siṅgh