PARDHĀN KAUR (1718-1792), Paṭiālā princess, better known as Bībī Pardhān, was the daughter of Bābā Ālā Siṅgh, founder of the family. She was born in 1718 at Bhadauṛ, in present-day Saṅgrūr district of the Punjab. She was married to Mohar Siṅgh Randhāvā, of the village of Ramdās in Amritsar district. Her only son, Rūp Siṅgh, died young, and her husband also met with a premature end. These tragedies led Bībī Pardhān, to retire to her parental home at Barnālā where she spent her time in prayer and meditation. The motto in her personal seal read "nām jape seī pardhān” — he alone who spends his time repeating God's Name is the ranked one. Bābā Ālā Siṅgh gave her a jāgīr and appointed Bhāī Nikkā Siṅgh a disciple of Bābā Laṅgar Siṅgh, who started the Māghī fair at Muktsar in memory of the Forty Martyrs, to teach her Punjabi and Sanskrit. For the residence of Bhāī Nikkā Siṅgh, Bībī Pardhān had a dharamsāla built at Barnālā which is now famous as ḍerā Bābā Gāndhā Siṅgh. She had four more dharamsālās built, one each at Mālerkoṭlā, Jagrāoṅ, Rāikoṭ and Paṭiālā. She is said to have written a commentary of Yoga Vaśiṣṭha, a Sanskrit work, into Bhākhā, i.e, earlier Hindi. She also started a school for religious instruction and a free laṅgar.
Pardhān Kaur died at Sekhā in 1792 where a samādh honours her memory.
Sardār Siṅgh Bhāṭīā