SANTĀ SIṄGH JATHEDĀR, BHĀĪ (1897-1921), shahīd of Nankāṇā Sāhib, was the son of Bhāī Nand Siṅgh and Māī Prem Kaur of Ḍaraulī village in Jalandhar district. They were weavers by profession. Santā Singh's grandfather, Gujjar Siṅgh, as well as his father had received the vows of the Khālsā. The family migrated to the Lower Chenāb Canal Colony at the close of the century and settled as cloth merchants at Shāhkoṭ, a market town in Sheikhūpurā district. Santā Siṅgh learnt to read Gurmukhī at home.
Bhāī Santā Siṅgh received the rites of the Khālsā at the hands of Bhāī Mahitāb Siṅgh Bīr and became an active member of Khālsā Barādarī, an organization of baptized Sikhs from among the so-called low castes such as Ramdāsīās and Mazhabīs. There were about 40 Akālīs in Shāhkoṭ itself who chose him their jathedār (chief or leader). He had participated in the liberation of Gurdwārā Bābe dī Ber, Siālkoṭ, Gurdwārā Kharā Saudā, Chūhaṛkāṇā, and the gurdwārā at Gojrā. On receiving the call for the liberation of Gurdwārā Janam Asthān, Nankāṇā Sāhib, he led a batch of six volunteers from Shāhkoṭ. He fell a martyr in the firing on the Akālī volunteers inside Gurdwārā Janam Asthān on 20 February 1921.
The Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee, Amritsar, set apart a grant of Rs 300 per annum for the martyrs. The Shāhkoṭ saṅgat raised a memorial gurdwārā in their honour.
Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī