SARB HIND SIKH MISSION set up by the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee in 1936 for the propagation of Sikh faith. The immediate cause for the establishment of the Mission was a declaration made in 1935 by Dr Bhīm Rāo Ambedkār, leader, of the so-called untouchable and depressed classes, that he and his followers had decided to get out of the Hindu fold and embrace some other faith which did not practise untouchability and which would allow them a more honourable status in society. The matter was first considered by the executive committee of the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee on 25 January 1936. The general session of the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee held on 19 Phagun 1992 Bk/ 1 March 1936 at the Akāl Takht under the chairmanship of Sardār Partāp Siṅgh of Shaṅkar passed, after lengthy deliberation, four resolutions concerning the initiation of the so-called untouchable classes. The third resolution read :
The present general session of the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee expresses satisfaction at the action so far taken by the Executive Committee regarding preaching in the South and the U.P. and direct it to arrange at the earliest the setting up of a preaching mission in consultation with Panthic workers of all shades of opinion, and to hold a big preaching conference on the coming Baisākhī day in order to ensure further strengthening and better organization of this work.
Accordingly, Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee called the Sarb Hind Shiromaṇī Sikh Prachār Conference at Amritsar on 11, 12 and 13 April 1936. The Conference was presided by Rāi Bahādur Vasākhā Siṅgh of Delhi. Sardār Hukam Siṅgh a retired sessions judge of Amritsar, was chairman of the reception committee. Among others who attended were Master Tārā Siṅgh Jathedār Ūdham Siṅgh Nāgoke, Sardār Sundar Siṅgh Majīṭhīā, Sir Jogendra Siṅgh, Bābā Pratāp Siṅgh Nāmdhārī, Dr Ambedkar himself and the president and secretary of the All India Dalit Jāti (lit. depressed classes) League, Bengal Several eminent Hindu leaders sent their messages of good wishes. His Holīness Jagatgurū Śaṅkarāchārya of Karīr Pīṭh, Paṅchavaṭī, Nāsik, blessed the conference. Of the 94 persons who received the rites of the Khālsā on the occasion, at least 43 were non-Sikhs from areas other than the Punjab. Donations amounting to several lacs of rupees were collected on the spot or promised by various individuals, Siṅgh Sabhās and other organizations. Among the principal donors were Srī Darbār Sāhib Committee Amritsar, and Nankāṇā Sāhib Committee (Rs 1,00,000 each) and Srī Akāl Takht, Gurdwārā Committee Tarn Tāran and Mahārājā Bhupinder Siṅgh of Paṭiālā (Rs. 25,000). The conference resolved to form a permanent society called the Sarb Hind Sikh Mission, with its headquarters at Amritsar. The principal objectives of the Mission were to preach the message of the Gurūs among peoples of all classes and castes in India and to work for the improvement of economic and social condition of converts from the so-called untouchable classes. Sikh preachers were sent out to places as far as Mālābār and Travancore-Cochin. Missionary centres were established at Hāpuṛ and Alīgaṛh (Uttar Pradesh), Burhānpur (Madhya Pradesh), Nāgpur (Māhārāshṭrā), and Ernakulam and Rānī (Kerala). Although Dr Ambedkār and his followers ultimately decided not to adopt Sikhism, the centres, especially those at Hāpuṛ, Alīgaṛh, Akolā and Nāgpur, continued to do useful work in their respective spheres. A notable accomplishment of the Mission was the establishment of the Khālsā College at Bombay in 1937. But as years went by the activity of the Mission dwindled.
Partāp Siṅgh Giānī