SHAHĪD SIKH MISSIONARY COLLEGE, at Amritsar, a college for training Sikh preachers, was opened in October 1927 in memory of the shahīds, i.e. martyrs, who had on 20 February 1921 laid down their lives at Nankāṇā Sāhib, birthplace of Gurū Nānak, during the campaign for the reform of the management of Sikh shrines. The idea of starting such a college originated with the managing committee of the Gurdwārā Nankāṇā Sāhib formed in consequence of the passage of the Sikh Gurdwārās Act of 1925. A Shahīdī Fund (martyrs' fund) had in fact been opened and a Sikh Mission Society formed in 1921 at Nankāṇā Sāhib, the former to raise a memorial in honour of the martyrs and the latter to spread Sikh teaching. Both objectives found fulfilment in the establishment in 1927 of the Shahīd Sikh Missionary College at Amritsar, under the auspices of the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee. Gaṅgā Siṅgh, well versed in the art of oratory and with perfect mastery of Persian, Urdu and Punjabi languages, became its first principal. With gaps from 1932 to 1935 and from 1938 to 1943, the College has continued to this day. In June 1936, it was revived under a new management, the Sarab Hind Sikh Mission, formed by the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee, and Dharamānant Siṅgh, learned in philosophy and theology, was named the principal. Eminent theologians, Sāhib Siṅgh and Tāran Siṅgh, were also associated with the institution.
The college is now run by the Daram Prachār Committee of the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee which is also the examining authority. The curriculum includes Sikh sacred texts, philosophy, history and music. Three diploma courses, each of two years' duration, are offered with a view to training preachers, granthīs, i.e. scripture-readers and rāgīs, i.e, musicians. Some of the College graduates have distinguished themselves in fields as far apart as theology and politics. Giānī Zail Siṅgh who was elected President of India in 1982 is an alumnus of this College.