VISĀKHĀ SIṄGH, SANT (1905-1968), holy preacher of the Sikh faith, was born at the village of Janetpurā, in Ludhiāṇā district, on 13 April 1903, the son of Karam Siṅgh and Kāhn Kaur, though most of his adult life was spent at Kishanpurā, in Fīrozpur district. He had his early education at the village gurdwārā where he learnt to read the Gurū Granth Sāhib and recite kīrtan. The massacre of reformist Sikhs in the shrine at Nankāṇā Sāhib on 20 February 1921 proved a turning point in his life. He received the rites of Khālsā initiation at the Akāl Takht at Amritsar and plunged into the Akālī movement for the reform of Sikh shrines. In 1922, he was jailed for participating in the Gurū kā Bāgh morchā and in 1923 for taking part in the Jaito campaign. It was he who led the Pañj Piāre who hoisted the Nishān Sāhib or Sikh flag at Gurdwārā Ṭibbī Sāhib at Jaito at the end of the morchā. A siropā or robe of honour was bestowed upon him, at the Akāl Takht, Amritsar. Assuming the appellation of Sant Sipāhī, Sant Visākhā Siṅgh now took to the preaching of Gurū Nānak’s word and in 1944 established to this end a centre called Gurmat Prachārak Siṅgh Sabhā at Kīshanpurā Kalāṅ, in Fīrozpur district, with branches in several other villages. He also formed Gurū Nānak Dev Education Society at Janet, in Fīrozpur,and opened schools in rural and backward areas. Besides the Mālvā Itihās, a 3 volume work, covering various aspects of Sikh history, especially relevant to the Mālvā region, Sant Visākhā Siṅgh published a series of tracts bearing on Sikh theology and religion.
Sant Visākhā Siṅgh died on 15 August 1968 at Kishanpurā.
Giānī Balwant Siṅgh