'ABDULLĀ, BHĀĪ, Abdul according to some Sikh chroniclers, was a Muslim minstrel who recited heroic balladry at Sikh congregations in the time of Gurū Hargobind (1595-1644). Abdul was born in the village of Sur siṅgh, now in Amritsar district of the Punjab. He first came to Amritsar in1606 at the time of the installation ceremony for Gurū Hargobind at the Akāl Takht. According to Gurbilās Chhevīṅ Pātshāhī, he and his companion, Bhāī Natthā, sang the stanza on the occasion :

        The Throne everlasting

        Has by the Holy Gurū's presence become haloed,

        Indescribable is its splendour,

        How may I sing its glory!

        Seeing the Gurū,

        Both the sun and the moon were shamed.

        So sat on the throne the Holy Gurū to

        the remembrance of the Lord God attached.

        Abdul and Natthā have composed verse

        to sing his praise.


        Both Abdul and Natthā remained at Amritsar thereafter and recited poetry extolling chivalrous deeds of past heroes.

        As Bābā Gurdittā, Gurū Hargobind's eldest son, got married, he was taken round by the Gurū to Akāl Takht and Harimandar Sāhib to make obeisance. The Gurū then invited Abdul to recite a panegyric.

        Abdul and Natthā, as reports Gurbilās Chhevīṅ Pātshāhī, accompanied Gurū Hargobind when he left Amritsar for Kīratpur in the Śivālik hills. As his time came, Gurū Hargobind asked them to return to their native Sursiṅgh.


  1. Gurbilās Chhevīṅ Pātshāhī. Patiala, 1970
  2. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909
  3. Gupta, Hari Ram, History of the Sikhs, vol. I. Delhi, 1973

Bhagat Siṅgh