ĀGYĀ KAUR, BĪBĪ (d. 1918), wife of Bhāī Takht Siṅgh and his helpmate in promoting women's education among Sikhs to which cause he was passionately devoted, was the daughter of Sardār Ṭek Siṅgh of the village of Sultānpur, near Rahīm Yār Khān railway station in the princely state of Bahāwalpur. She had been a resident student at the Sikh girls school, at Fīrozpur, founded in 1892 and nurtured by Bhāī Takht Siṅgh. Āgyā Kaur had studied at the Mahāvidyālā up to the high school level. Bhāī Takht Siṅgh's first wife Harnām Kaur who was a co-builder of the school died in 1906. He approached Āgyā Kaur's father to ask for her hand to be his ally in the enterprise he had launched upon. The nuptials took place at Sultānpur on 17 September 1910. On 16-17 February 1911, Bībī (lady) Āgyā Kaur left with her husband on a tour of some South Asian countries to raise funds for the school. At Sikh gatherings and at dīvāns at the gurdwārās, she recited holy hymns, kīrtan, and made fervent appeals for donations, for their nascent school. Returning to Punjab on 3 March 1912, she resumed her duties at the Mahāvidyālā as a teacher and as a matron of the hostel. She was taken ill with influenza during the epidemic of 1918, aggravated in her case by an attack of pneumonia. She died on 27 October 1918. She left behind four children, one of her daughters rising to the position of Director of Public Instruction in Punjab.


  1. Pañjābī Bhaiṇ. Firozpur, September 1910 and December 1918
  2. Silver Jubilee Book. Amritsar, 1935

Dīwān Siṅgh Bhallā