AJUDHIĀ PARSHĀD, DĪWĀN (1799-1870), soldier and civil administrator in Sikh times, was the adopted son of Dīwān Gaṅgā Rām. Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh first employed Ajudhiā Parshād in 1819 to serve in the military office in Kashmīr. Three years later, he was recalled to Lahore and appointed paymaster of the special brigade (Fauj-i-Khās), organized by Generals Allard and Ventura. After the death in 1826 of Dīwān Gaṅgā Rām, Ajudhiā Parshād received the title of Dīwān and was assigned to a variety of duties. As a protocol officer, he received in 1831 Alexander Burnes at Multān. In 1839, he accompanied the army of the Indus under Sir John Keane. Later, in 1840, he took charge of the Fauj-i-Khās and in 1843, he became its permanent commander. At the end of the Anglo-Sikh war in February 1846, when the Sikh army crossed the Sutlej to wage war with the British, he resigned. However, after the treaty of 16 March 1846, he was assigned, along with Captain Abbott to demarcating the boundary between Kashmīr and the Punjab. The British government granted him an annual pension of 7, 500 rupees. From April 1849 to September 1851, he remained on duty with the deposed young prince, Duleep Siṅgh.

        Dīwān Ajudhiā Parshād has chronicled in Persian prose the events of the first Anglo-Sikh war (1845-46). The narrative, an eyewitness account of the battles of Pherūshahr and Sabhrāoṅ, has been translated into English by V. S. Sūrī and published under the title Waqāi-Jaṅg-i-Sikhāṅ.

        Ajudhiā Parshād died in 1870.


  1. Sūrī, Sohan Lāl 'Umdāt-ut-Twārīkh. Lahore, 1885-89
  2. Griffin, Lepel, and C. F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1909
  3. Gupta, Hari Ram, Punjab on the Eve of the First Sikh War. Chandigarh, 1956
  4. Sūrī, V. S. , ed. , Waqāi-Jaṅg-i-Sikhāṅ. Chandigarh, 1975

Harī Rām Gupta