AKĀL BUṄGĀ, lit. the abode of the Timeless One, is the building that houses the Akāl Takht in the precincts of the Darbār Sāhib at Amritsar. The term is also used sometimes synonymously with Akāl Takht. Strictly speaking, while Akāl Takht is the institution possessing and exercising the highest religious authority for Sikhs, Akāl Buṅgā is the historical Gurdwārā where Akāl Takht is located.



  1. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Srī Amritsar. Amritsar, 1977
  2. Sukhdiāl Siṅgh, Akāl Takht Sāhib. Patiala, 1984
  3. Gurbilās Chhevīṅ Pātshāhī. Patiala, 1970
  4. Dilgeer, Harjinder Siṅgh, The Akal Takht, Jalandhar, 1980

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)