ALIF KHĀN, who is mentioned in Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's Bachitra Nāṭak, was an officer in the Mughal army of Auraṅgzīb. In 1691, he was despatched by Mīāṅ Khān, the viceroy of Jammū, to Kāṅgṛā for collecting arrears of tribute from the hill chiefs. Rājā Kirpāl Chand Kāṭoch of Kāṅgṛā and Rājā Dyāl of Bijhaṛval submitted to Alif Khān, but not Rājā Bhīm Chand of Kahlūr. Bhīm Chand enlisted the support of several of the chieftains against Alif Khān. He also requested Gurū Gobind Siṅgh for help. The combined force reached Nadauṇ, on the bank of the River Beās, 32 km southeast of Kāṅgṛā. Kirpāl Chand Kaṭoch and Rājā Dyāl sided with the Mughal general. The battle in which Gurū Gobind Siṅgh himself took part was fought on 20 March 1691. Gurū Gobind Siṅgh described the action in his Bachitra Nāṭak in vivid and rousing verse. Alif Khān fled in utter disarray "without being able to fold up his camp. "


  1. Bachitra Nāṭak.
  2. Kuir Siṅgh, Gurbilās Pātshāhī 10. Patiala, 1968
  3. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurū Khālsā [Reprint]. Patiala, 1970
  4. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion, Oxford, 1909
  5. Harbans Singh, Guru Gobind Singh. Chandigarh, 1966

Bhagat Siṅgh