AMARNĀTH, DĪWĀN (1822-1867), bakhshī or paymaster of the irregular forces of the Sikh army who distinguished himself also as a historian, was born in 1822 the son of Rājā Dīnā Nāth, finance minister of Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh. During the prime ministership of Hīrā Siṅgh, Amar Nāth was assigned to the task of settling the accounts of government studs and stables. The town duties of Lahore and Amritsar were also leased out through him. Hīrā Siṅgh reposed great trust in Amar Nāth who became an intermediary between him and his uncle, Rājā Gulāb Siṅgh, when the two had fallen out. Owing to strained relations with his father, Amar Nāth had to quit his government post during the first Anglo-Sikh war. But, being a man of letters, he continued enjoying an annual pension of 1, 200 rupees, which was raised to 4, 000 rupees after the death of his father in 1857. Besides some poetry, Amar Nāth wrote the Zafar Nāmah-i-Raṇjīt Siṅgh , a chronicle, in Persian, of the reign of Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh up to 1835-36. The work was edited by Sītā Rām Kohlī and published in 1928.

        Amar Nāth died in 1867, his elder son, Dīwān Rām Nāth, succeeding him in his jāgīr.


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  2. Griffin, Lepel, Ranjit Singh. Delhi, 1957
  3. Gupta, Hari Ram, Panjab on the Eve of First Sikh War. Chandigarh, 1956
  4. Khushwant Singh, Ranjit Singh: Maharajah of the Punjab. Bombay, 1962

G. S. Chhābṛā