AMARO, BĪBĪ, elder daughter of Gurū Aṅgad and Mātā Khīvī, is especially remembered in the Sikh tradition for introducing (Gurū) Amar Dās to Gurū Aṅgad whose disciple, and eventually successor in the holy office, he became. She was born in c. 1526 at Khaḍūr Sāhib, in present-day Amritsar district of the Punjab, and was married to a nephew of Amar Dās at Bāsarke, now called Bāsarke Gillāṅ, 11 km southwest of Amritsar. She was known for her piety and had memorized several of Gurū Nānak's hymns which she recited every morning, amid her household chores. Once Amar Dās happened to listen to a hymn from Bībī Amaro's lips, and felt deeply moved. He desired to see the living successor of Gurū Nānak, who had uttered poetry of such vivid spiritual insinght. Bībī Amaro escorted him to Gurū Aṅgad's presence which he left never again. Bībī Amaro died at Bāsarke where a shrine built in her honour still exists.


  1. Bhallā, Sarūp Dās, Mahimā Prakāsh . Patiala, 1971.
  2. Satibīr Siṅgh, Parbatu Merāṇu. Jalandhar, 1983.
  3. Ranjit Siṅgh, Gurū Amar Das Ji. Amritsar, 1980.

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)