AMĀVAS (AMĀVASYĀ), massiā in Punjabi, lit. a combination of amā, i. e. together, and vasyā, i. e. stationing, signifying coming of the sun and the moon together in one line, is the last day of the dark half of the lunar month when the moon remains entirely hidden from our view. The twenty- eight nakṣatras, considered to be the wives of the moon, are the lunar mansions or stations through which the moon passes as does the sun through the twelve signs of the zodiac. The life of an individual is believed to be deeply influenced by the nakṣatra through which the moon passed at the time of his birth. Thus, different days such as Pañchamī (fifth), ekādasī (eleventh), pūranmāshī (the fifteenth day when the moon is full) and amāvas assumed a special significance in the Hindu tradition. Certain religious performances and observances came to be associated with these days. In Sikh Scripture, the Gurū Granth Sāhib, occur three compositions under the title Thitī or Thitīṅ with couplets to match the lunar days. The burden of these compositions is that no single day is more auspicious than the others. That day alone is auspicious and well spent which is spent in meditating on the Divine Name and in doing good deeds. Although there is no ritualistic or formal observance prescribed in Sikh system for Amāvas, the day is marked by special congregations in gurdwārās. Devotees gather for ablutions in sarovars, the holy tanks. The shrines at Tarn Tāran and Muktsar especially attract on the occasion pilgrims from long distances.

Tāran Siṅgh