AMĪR CHAND, son of Misr Rām Kumār of the village of Ḍalvāl, in Jehlum district, joined service in Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh's toshākhānā or treasury in 1830, soon becoming superintendent of Belā Toshākhānā, i. e. the treasury for charitable purposes. In June 1832, he was appointed to collect arrears of land revenue from the zamīndārs of Jalandhar and Rāhoṅ and was assigned to Kashmīr on similar duty in 1838. In 1839, he accompanied Kaṅvar Nau Nihāl Siṅgh to Peshāwar as custodian of the treasury. After Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh's death, Amīr Chand was sent to Haridvār to trace and recover the treasure of Jamādār Khushāl Siṅgh's son, Kishan Siṅgh, who had it secretly transferred to the British territory. He also served as agent of the Lahore Darbār at Ludhiāṇā, and as governor of Gujrāt and Piṇḍ Dādan Khān. After the first Anglo-Sikh war (1845-46), John Lawrence, the British Resident at Lahore, dismissed him from service for defalcation of funds and his jāgīrs were confiscated.


  1. Sūrī, Sohan LāI, 'Umdāt ut-Twārīkh. Lahore, 1885-89
  2. Griffin, Lepel, and C. F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1909
  3. Gupta, Hari Ram, Punjab of the Eve of First Sikh War. Chandigarh, 1956
  4. Khushwant Siṅgh, Ranjit Singh : Maharajah of the Punjab. Bombay, 1962

Harī Rām Gupta