AṆĪ RĀI, author of Jaṅgnāmā Gurū Gobind Siṅgh Jī was one of the numerous poets and scholars who enjoyed the patronage of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh (1666-1708). The Jaṅgnāmā is an account in verse of a battle on the banks of the River Sutlej in which an attack from the imperial troops was countered and repulsed by Sikhs under the personal command of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh. No date is given of the event, but a reference in the text to "Khālsā, " inaugurated in 1699, and other details indicate that it was one of the last battles of Anandpur. A manuscript of the work is preserved in the private collection of the Mahārājā of Paṭiālā. The poem has been included by the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee in the collection Prāchīn Vārāṅ te Jaṅgnāme, and by Bhāshā Vibhāg, Punjab, in Pañch Nad. The poet has tried several prosodic measures in the 70-stanza poem. The language used is bhākhā, or contemporary Hindi, except in the pauṛīs which are in chaste Punjabi.


  1. Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, Gurū Gobind Siṅgh Jī de Darbārī Ratan. Patiala, 1976
  2. Kuir Siṅgh, Gurbilās Pātshāhī 10. Patiala, 1968

Piārā Siṅgh Padam