AÑJULĪĀ (Ṅ), by Gurū Arjan, is a short composition comprising two hymns entered in the Gurū Granth Sāhib under Mārū musical measure (GG, 1019). This word añjulīā (ṅ) is the plural form of Sanskrit añjulī which means the joining together of palms in supplication, reverence or salutation. The word añjulīāṅ in its plural sense has been used in the title perhaps because the composition comprises two hymns. It contains prayer to God seeking from Him the gift of nām, i. e. meditation on His Name or constant remembrance or repetition of His Name. Everything in this world happens by His Will and those who are favoured by Him practise nām in holy company (saṅgat). The tragedy of man is that he seeks happiness in material life sans any spiritual reference. That is why he is ever in misery : when he has material possessions in plenty, he fears he might not lose them, and when he lacks these, he pines for them. In fact, this misery is owed neither to the excess of nor to the meagreness of material possessions, but to man's egoistic pursuits that guide his life in the world. Human life in this phenomenal world is transitory.

        Añjulī is also the title of another of Gurū Arjan's hymns in measure Mārū (GG, 1007-08). The hymn rejects the ritual of añjulī as libation to the manes and teaches man willingly to accept God's bhāṇā or His Will. The word añjulī also occurs in a hymn by Gurū Rām Dās in measure Gauṛī (GG, 171) repeated in the Sohilā (GG, 12-13). One is adjured to offer añjulī or salutation to the Lord which counts as an act of virtue. Although the Farīdkoṭ Ṭīkā describes añjulī as a chhand or a prosodic form, it is employed in the Gurū Granth Sāhib generally as a synonym for salutation or supplication.


  1. Shabdārth Srī Gurū Granth Sāhib Jī, vol. III. Amritsar, 1964
  2. Ādi Srī Gurū Granth Sāhib Jī Saṭik(Farīdkoṭ Vālā Ṭikā) [Reprint]. Patiala, 1970

Dharam Siṅgh