ARDAMAN SIṄGH, BHĀYEE (1899-1976), of pious lineage was born on 20 September 1899 (father : Bhāyee Arjan Siṅgh; mother : Devinder Kaur) at Bāgaṛīāṅ, in present-day Saṅgrūr district of the Punjab. The family traces its descent from Bhāī Rūp Chand, a devout Sikh of the time of Gurū Hargobind (1595-1644) and has for the past several generations been a leading religious family among the Sikhs. For his schooling, Ardaman Siṅgh was not sent to a Chiefs College as was then customary for aristocratic families, but to the Khālsā School at Ludhiāṇā. He took his B. A. degree from Khālsā College, Amritsar, in 1918. He left off his law studies midway to lend his father a helping hand in his religious work. Ardaman Siṅgh studied music under famous musicologists of the day such as Mahaṅt Gajjā Siṅgh, Bhāī Javālā Siṅgh and Bhāī Ghasīṭā, and the Sikh texts with his father, Bhāyee Arjan Siṅgh himself. 1n 1923 he was appointed an honorary magistrate in place of his father. He took out preaching trips to different parts of India to preach Sikh tenets and administer to seekers the vows of the Khālsā. He delivered lectures on different aspects of Sikhism at public meetings as well as at academic institutions. As it happened, his last lecture of a series, hosted by the Pañjāb University, Chaṇḍīgaṛh, was delivered on 23 December 1976, just two days before he died.

        Besides lecturing and ministering religious rites and ceremonies on important occasions, Bhāyee Ardaman Siṅgh participated in Sikh activity in a variety of ways. He helped start the Sikh Academy of Religion and Culture, Patiala, of which he was invited to be president. He was president of Gurmat Academy as well as of the Siṅgh Sabhā, Shimlā. He was closely associated with the Siṅgh Sabhā centenary celebrations. He was assigned (by the Siṅgh Sabhā Centenary Committee and the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee) to updating the rahit maryādā or the Sikh code of conduct. He could not complete the draft during his lifetime. He was a leading participant in the Dasam Granth Goṣṭī organized by Mān Siṅgh, editor of the Delhi weekly, Mānsarovar. The purpose of the Goṣṭī was to resolve the controversy about the authorship of certain compositions included in the Dasam Granth, or the Book of the Tenth Master (Gurū Gobind Siṅgh). Ardaman Siṅgh was strongly of the view that all the compositions in the Dasam Granth were not from the pen of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh.

        Bhāyee Ardaman Siṅgh died on 25 December 1976 at Chaṇḍīgaṛh due to a cardiac obstruction, and was cremated the next day at his native village Bāgaṛīāṅ.


  1. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Itihās Riyāsat Bāgaṛīāṅ. Patiala, 1917
  2. Caveeshar, Sardul Singh, House of Bagrian. Lahore, 1939
  3. Griffin, Lepel and C. F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1990
  4. Golden Jubilee Book. Amritsar, 1958

Dharam Siṅgh