ARŪṚ SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1872-1921), one of the Nankāṇā Sāhib martyrs, was born in November 1872 at Thothīāṅ village in Amritsar district, the son of Bhāī Nihāl Siṅgh and Māī Jīo. His education was limited to reading and writing the Gurmukhī script which he learnt in the village gurdwārā. He grew up into a tall young man and enlisted in 126th Balūch Battalion in British times but having been on active service only for three years came back as a reservist. He was recalled for active service at the outbreak of the First Great War in 1914. After his final retirement at the end of the war he started taking interest in the matter of reforming the management of the gurdwārā, then engaging the attention of the Sikh Panth. He received afresh the Khālsā pāhul at the instance of Bhāī Mūl Siṅgh Garmūlā. He joined the reformers' column led by Bhāī Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh massacred at Nankāṇā Sāhib on 20 February 1921.



    Shamsher, Gurbakhsh Siṅgh, Shahīdī Jīvan. Nankana Sahib, 1938

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī