ARŪṚ SIṄGH, Mahārājā Duleep Siṅgh's personal attendant and confidant, belonged to the village of Kohālī, in Amritsar district. He was one of the five Sikhs who administered pāhul or Sikh initiatory rites to Mahārājā Duleep Siṅgh at Aden on 25 May 1886. From Aden, Arūṛ Siṅgh accompanied the Mahārājā to Europe. In 1887, Arūṛ Siṅgh was sent by the Mahārājā to India as his accredited Ambassador. He carried with him five letters from Duleep Siṅgh, one of them addressed to the princes of India and another to the King of Oudh. At Pondicherry, he stayed with Ṭhākur Siṅgh Sandhāṅvālīā. As he reached Calcutta in pursuit of his mission, he was betrayed by a professed supporter of the Mahārājā and arrested. He was sent to the Chunār Fort where he was detained for three years. In government reports, Arūṛ Siṅgh was described as a Europeanized Sikh whose hospitality requirements in jail ran to "some ice, brandy, claret and Vichy water. " He was released from prison on 15 December 1890, with permission to return to England if he so wished.


  1. Ganda Singh, ed. , History of the Freedom Movement in the Punjab, vol. III (Maharaja Duleep Singh Correspondence). Patiala, 1977
  2. Harbans Singh, The Heritage of the Sikhs. Delhi, 1983

Sardār Siṅgh Bhāṭīā