ĀTMĀ SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1881-1921), one of the Nankāṇā Sāhib martyrs, was the son of Bhāī Hīrā Siṅgh, a Mazhabī Sikh of village Mustrābād in Gurdāspur district. The family later shifted to village Dhārovālī in Sheikhūpurā district where Ātmā Siṅgh came in contact with Bhāī Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh, an active Akālī reformist, and learnt reading and writing in Gurmukhī script and also received the rites of Khālsā initiation. He married and raised a family of five children- three sons and two daughters. Bhāī Ātmā Siṅgh enlisted at the outbreak of the First Great War in 1914 and served in the 32nd Punjab Battalion. On release from the army in 1918, he cultivated closer association with Bhāī Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh and started taking active interest in the Gurdwārā reform movement. He took part in the Dhārovālī conference on 1-3 October 1920 and later in the liberation of Gurdwārā Kharā Saudā. He was one of the members of the jathā led by Bhāī Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Dhārovālī which entered Gurdwārā Janam Asthān at Nankāṇā Sāhib on 20 February 1921 and fell a martyr in the wholesale slaughter launched by the hired assassins of Mahant Naraiṇ Dās, the hereditary custodian of the shrine.



    Shamsher, Gurbakhsh Siṅgh, Shahīdī Jīvan. Nankana Sahib, 1938

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī