BĀBAK (d. 1642), a Muslim rabābī or musician, kept Gurū Hargobind company and recited the sacred hymns at dīvāns morning and evening. The wordbābak, from Persian, means faithful. As says the Gurbilās Chhevīṅ Pātshāhī, Bābak was, at the death of Sattā and Balvaṇḍ, who used to recite sacred hymns for the Gurū, asked to perform the obsequies for them under their (Muslim) rites. Bābak, it is said, dug the graves for the deceased on the bank of the River Rāvī and after the burial service, performed the kīrtan on the site where sat Gurū Hargobind. To quote the Gurbilās again, he took part in the battle of Amritsar in 1629 during which he assisted in the evacuation of the Gurū's family to Jhabāl. Going by the Gurbilās account, Gurū Hargobind, before he departed the world, asked Bābak to return to Amritsar. As bidden by the Gurū, Bābak retired to Amritsar where he died in 1642.


  1. Gurbilās Chhevīn Pātshāhī. Patiala, 1970
  2. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurū Khālsā. Patiala, 1970
  3. Macauliffe, M. A. , The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909

Bhagat Siṅgh