BACHITTAR SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (d. 1705), warrior and martyr, was the second son of Bhāī Manī Rām, a Parmār Rājpūt and devotee of the Gurūs. One of the five brothers presented by their father for service to Gurū Gobind Siṅgh (1666-1708), he joined the order of the Khālsā on the historic Baisākhī day, 30 March 1699, and shot into prominence during the first battle of Anandpur against the hill chieftains, when, on 1 September 1700, he was selected by Gurū Gobind Siṅgh to face a drunken elephant brought forth by them to batter down the gate of the Lohgaṛh Fort. As the elephant reached near the gate, Bachittar Siṅgh, says the Gurbilās Pātshāhī 10, sallied forth on horseback and made a powerful thrust with his spear piercing the plate and injuring the animal in the forehead. The wounded elephant ran back creating havoc in the besiegers' ranks. Bachittar Siṅgh also took part in actions at Nirmohgaṛh and Basālī and in the last battle of Anandpur. On the fateful night of 5-6 December 1705, when Anandpur was evacuated, he was one of those who safely crossed the torrential Sarsā rivulet. At the head of a flanking guard watching pursuers from the direction of Ropaṛ, he had an encounter with a body of irregulars near Malikpur Raṅghṛāṅ in which he was seriously wounded. He was carried to Koṭlā Nihaṅg Khān where he died two days later (8 December 1705).


  1. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Panth Prakāsh [Reprint]. Patiala, 1970
  2. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1926-37
  3. Garjā Siṅgh, Giānī, ed. , Shahīd Bilās. Ludhiana, 1961
  4. Kuir Siṅgh, Gurbilās Pātshāhī 10. Patiala, 1968

Piār Siṅgh