BAKHT MALL and Tārā Chand, masands or accredited Sikh preachers in Kābul, once led the saṅgat of their area to the Punjab to wait on Gurū Hargobind (1595-1644). Among the offerings they brought were two pedigree horses of excelling beauty, named Gulbāgh and Dilbāgh. As they were passing through Lahore, the imperial governor seized the two horses for the royal stable. The masands along with the saṅgat caught up with Gurū Hargobind, then travelling across the Mālvā region, at Mahrāj and complained about the highhandedness of the Mughal authority. Bhāī Bidhī Chand retrieved the horses by stratagem. This led to a clash of arms occurring at Mahrāj on 16 December 1634.



  1. Gurbilās Chhevīṅ Pātshāhī. Patiala, 1970
  2. Bhallā, Sarūp Dās, Mahimā Prakāsh. Patiala, 1971
  3. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārī kh Gurū Khālsā. Patiala, 1970
  4. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909

Bhagat Siṅgh