BANDAĪ, name given to the followers of the Sikh hero, Bandā Siṅgh Bahādur (1670-1716), who regarded him not only as a military leader but also as Gurū next to Gurū Gobind Siṅgh in spiritual succession. They were opposed and ultimately expelled in 1721 by the mainstream of the Sikhs, the Tatt Khālsā. A small number of Bandaī Sikhs still survive. They reverence the Gurū Granth Sāhib as their Scripture and most of them also undergo the Khālsā initiatory rites, but Bandā Siṅgh Bahādur is for them their eleventh Gurū against the common Sikh belief of the spiritual line having ended with Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, the Tenth Master.


  1. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurū Khālsā. Patiala, 1970
  2. Cunningham, Joseph Davey, A History of the Sikhs. London, 1849
  3. Ganda Singh, Life of Banda Singh Bahadur. Amritsar, 1935
  4. Nripinder Singh, The Sikh Moral Tradition. Delhi, 1990

Sudarshan Siṅgh