BANNO, BHĀĪ (1558-1645), a prominent Sikh contemporary of Gurū Arjan and Gurū Hargobind, was the son of Bhāī Bishan Dev of village Māṅgaṭ, also called Khārā-Māṅgaṭ, Khārā being its older name, in Phālīā. tahsīl of Gujrāt district (now in Pakistan). He was born on Saturday, Baisākh sudī 13, 1615 Bk/ 30 April 1558. Banno grew up with a deeply religious disposition. He turned a Sikh and rendered diligent service during the construction of Harimandar at Amritsar under Gurū Arjan. On the completion of the compilation of (Gurū) Granth Sāhib in 1604, Gurū Arjan deputed Bhāī Banno to carry the holy volume to Lahore for binding. The latter, with the Gurū's permission first. carried it to his village and then brought it back to Lahore. During his journey to and from his village he prepared his own copy of the Holy Book. He got both the copies bound and brought them to the Gurū, who installed the original copy (Ādi Bīṛ) in the Harimandar and returned the other copy to Bhāī Banno. This recension came to be known as Bhāī Banno Vālī Bīṛ or Khāre Vālī Bīṛ, because the Bhāī had installed it in his own house at Khārā-Māṅgaṭ.


        Bhāī Banno continued to preach Sikh tenets in the north-western parts of the Punjab till his death in Māgh 1701 Bk/January 1645.


  1. Bhallā, Sarūp Dās, Mahimā Prakāsh. Patiala, 1971
  2. Bal, Rājinder Siṅgh, Bhāī Banno Darpan. Jalandhar, 1989
  3. Bhāī Banno Sāhib. Kanpur, n. d.
  4. Gurbilās Chhevīṅ Pātshāhī. Patiala, 1970

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)