BĀRNĀ, village in Kurukshetra district of Haryāṇā, about 20 km southwest of Kurukshetra (29º-58'N, 76º-50'E), is sacred to Gurū Tegh Bahādur who once stopped here while journeying from Kaithal to Kurukshetra. Local tradition recalls the story of a peasant who waited upon him and to survey whose land a revenue official arrived in the village the same day. The Sikh asked the Gurū's permission to go and have his land measured. The Gurū advised him to wait and rely on God. The surveyor measured the land thrice but was puzzled to note that it measured much less than what he had estimated. He therefore sent for the Sikh and asked him how much land he owned. The Sikh answered, "Sir, my land measures 125 bighās. " The officer disclosed that he had measured the land thrice, but found it each time to be no more than twenty-five bighās. The Sikh replied that this must be the Gurū's own miracle. The officer begged to see the Gurū. He became a disciple.

        Local tradition also describes the Gurū's visit to Bārnā as having occurred in response to the prayers of a childless lady who wished to present him with a garment she had stitched out of home spun cloth. Arriving in the village the Gurū received the garment from her and appreciated her dedication. The woman was later blessed with a child. She and her husband, Bhāī Suddhā, built a low platform on the spot where Gurū Tegh Bahādur had sat in their house. A gurdwārā was built over this memorial by Bhāī Ude Siṅgh (d. 1843), the ruler of Kaithal.


  1. Ṭhākar Siṅgh, Giānī, Srī Gurduāre Darshan. Amritsar, 1923
  2. Tārā Siṅgh, Srī Gur Tīrath Saṅgrahi. Amritsar, n. d.
  3. Faujā Siṅgh, Gurū Tegh Bahādur: Yātrā Asthān, Pramparāvāṅ te Yād Chinn. Patiala, 1976

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)