BĀSARKE GILLĀṄ, village 12 km southwest of Amritsar (31º-38'N, 74º-52'E) on the Chheharṭā-Jhabāl link road, is sacred to Gurū Amar Dās, Nānak III, who was born here on 5 May 1479. There are three historical shrines in the village.

        GURDWĀRĀ JANAM ASTHĀN, a small shrine privately managed, is situated on the site of the old village Bāsarke, now extinct, to the north of the present habitation. It marks the ancestral house and birthplace of Gurū Amar Dās.

        GURDWĀRĀ SANNH SĀHIB, the premier shrine here, is also outside the village, 200 metres to the northeast of it. It marks the room where, according to tradition, Gurū Amar Dās coming from Goindvāl had shut himself, because Dātū, the son of Gurū Aṅgad, had objected to his succeeding his father as Gurū. Before the Gurū sat down in solitary meditation, he had hung a notice at its locked door saying that anyone who opened the door would earn his displeasure. When Bābā Buḍḍhā, leading a saṅgat anxious to see the Gurū, came and saw the notice, he entered through a sannh, lit. hole in the wall as made by burglars, from the rear, and, apologizing for the act, entreated the Gurū not to hide himself from the saṅgat, his followers and devotees. Gurū Amar Dās, amused at Bābā Buḍḍhā's stratagem, returned with him to Goindvāl. The room with the wall broken through was preserved as such by Sikhs as a consecrated place of pilgrimage. Sardār Lahiṇā Siṅgh Majīṭhīā (d. 1854) converted it into a proper gurdwārā. The present complex spreading over six acres including a congregation hall with its pinnacled dome over the sanctum, sarovar, Gurū kā Laṅgar, residential accommodation and parks, was constructed by Bābā Khaṛak Siṅgh Sevāvale during the 1950's. The Gurdwārā is managed by the Shiromaṇī Gurdwārā Parbandhak Committee. An annual fair is held on the full-moon day of Bhādoṅ (September) to mark the death anniversary of Gurū Amar Dās.

        SAMĀDH BĪBĪ AMARO DĪ, near the village pond north of the village, is a memorial to Bībī Amaro, daughter of Gurū Aṅgad who was married to Gurū Amar Dās's nephew. It was through her that Gurū Amar Dās became acquainted with the sayings of the Gurūs which led him to the presence of Gurū Aṅgad at Khaḍūr .


  1. Tārā Siṅgh, Srī Gur Tīrath Saṅgrahi. Amritsar, n. d.
  2. Ṭhākar Siṅgh, Giānī, Srī Gurduāre Darshan. Amritsar, 1923

Gurnek Siṅgh