BATTICE, an Italian, who joined the Sikh service in 1843. He was employed in the ordnance factory at Lahore for manufacturing gunpowder and saltpetre. In 1844, the army Pañchāyats removed him from the service, along with some other European officers. He died at Lahore soon afterwards.


    Grey, C. , European Adventurers of Northern India [Reprint]. Patiala, 1970

Gulcharan Siṅgh