BHĀG SIṄGH CHANDRA UDAYA, an undated manuscript preserved in the Punjab State Archives, Paṭiālā, under accession No. M/773, deals with the life and achievements of Sardār Bhāg Siṅgh Āhlūvālīā (1745-1801), who succeeded Sardār Jassā Siṅgh Āhlūvālīā as ruler of Kapūrthalā state in 1783. Its author, Rām Sukh Rāo, was tutor to Bhāg Siṅgh's son and successor, Fateh Siṅgh Āhlūvālīā (1784-1836). The latter, after his accession in 1801, commissioned Rām Sukh Rāo to write biographies of Sardār Jassā Siṅgh and Sardār Bhāg Siṅgh. Bhāg Siṅgh Chandra Udayā, a biography of the latter, comprises 188 folios, size 22 x 16 cm, each page containing 16 lines. The first 107 folios cover events of the life of Jassā Siṅgh, and the rest deal with the rule of Bhāg Siṅgh ending with his death in 1801. The language of the manuscript is a mixture of Hindi, Sanskrit, Punjabi and Persian, but the script is Gurmukhī. Rām Sukh Rāo is also the author of a book devoted to the life of Jassā Siṅgh. That also is an unpublished manuscript under the title Srī Jassā Siṅgh Binod, preserved in the Punjab State Archives, Paṭiālā.

B. S. Nijjar