BHĀNŪ, BHĀĪ, Bhāī Jaṭṭu, Bhāī Nihālū and Bhāī Tīrathā, all Chaḍḍhā Khatrīs, were devoted Sikhs. Once they presented themselves before Gurū Arjan to have a doubt resolved. They made obeisance to the Gurū and said, "Lord, in one of your hymns there is a line : 'He alone kills and He alone saves; there is nothing in man's power. ' Yet another hymn says : 'In this field of action, as thou sowest, so shalt thou reapest. ' Which of the two precepts shall apply? Because, if He performs or gets performed all actions, how are we answerable for them? And, if we have to suffer the consequences of our actions, we must have the freedom to act with discretion. " The Gurū, as says Bhāī Manī Siṅgh, Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā, replied : "Some merit liberation through action, some through worship, some through knowledge. For the first category, the precept is, 'Action is a field wherein you shall reap what you sow. ' For the worshipper the advice is, 'He Himself is the Destroyer and He alone the Sustainer. ' And for the man of intellect, 'God, the Only Being, abideth in each body, and prevaileth throughout space. " "As for you, Sikhs, " concluded Gurū Arjan, "Your merit is bhagatī or the path of devotion. You should, therefore, always repeat the Name and serve others. " Bhāī Bhānu and his companions were, as says Bhāī Santokh Siṅgh, rid of their doubt.


  1. Manī Siṅgh, Bhāī, Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā. Amritsar, 1955
  2. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1926-37

Tāran Siṅgh