BHAROĀṆĀ or Bhairoāṇā, a small village 16 km southwest of Sultānpur Lodhī (31º-13'N, 75º-12'E) in the Punjab, is the place where at the close of the fifteenth century lived Bhāī Phirandā, a pious-minded musician who also manufactured the stringed instrument called rabāb or rebeck. Gurū Nānak, before setting out from Sultānpur Lodhī on his extensive travels to deliver his message, sent Bhāī Mardānā to buy a rabāb from Phirandā. Phirandā produced the instrument but, on learning as to who had ordered it, refused to accept any money for it. A memorial shrine was constructed where Bhāī Phirandā had lived, which became the centre of an annual fair held on the tenth of the dark half of the lunar month of Assū (September-October). A handsome gurdwārā, named Gurdwārā Rabābsar Sāhib, has since been by the followers of Sant Gurmukh Siṅgh. It comprises a high-ceilinged hall, with a square sanctum in the centre where the Gurū Granth Sāhib is seated. The building is topped by a gold-plated pinnacle and an umbrella-shaped finial. Domed kiosks adorn the hall-corners. The old fair remains the principal annual festival.


    Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1926-37

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)