BHĪM CHAND, ruler of Kahlūr (Bilāspur), a princely state in the Śivāliks, from 1665-92. The family claimed descent from Chaṇḍel Rājpūts of Bundelkhaṇḍ. Bhīm Chand's father, Dīp Chand, was a tributary of the Mughals and he was allowed to exercise nominal authority over twenty-two states in the hills including Kulū, Kāṅgṛā, Maṇḍī, Suket and Chambā.

        Till the accession of Bhīm Chand to the gaddī in 1665, the rulers of Kahlūr had maintained amicable relations with the Gurūs. In 1635, Gurū Hargobind had retired to Kīratpur, a town founded by his son, Bābā Gurdittā, on the base of the Kahlūr mount. Kīratpur remained thereafter the seat of the Gurūs until Gurū Tegh Bahādur founded, in 1665, Chakk Nānakī, later renamed Anandpur. His son, Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, continued to live there. However, Bhīm Chand became jealous of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's growing popularity and of the royal style he maintained. Acceding to the solicitation of the friendly ruler of Sirmūr, Gurū Gobind Siṅgh departed to visit him in his capital Nāhan and establishing within his territory a habitation of his own called Pāoṇṭā, took up residence there. Rājā Bhīm Chand's envy was not assuaged. He, along with some other hill monarchs returning from the Himalayan state of Srīnagar (Gaṛhvāl) after the marriage of his son Ajmer Chand, attacked Gurū Gobind Siṅgh. The Gurū met the attacking host at Bhaṅgāṇī, 11 km northeast of Pāoṇṭā. In the battle that took place on 18 September 1688, the hill chiefs were worsted, and Bhīm Chand took to flight. Gurū Gobind Siṅgh returned to Anandpur later in 1688 and Bhīm Chand made his peace with him. The Gurū in fact went to his aid in his battle against the Mughal commander, Alif Khān, fought at Nadauṇ, on 20 March 1691.

        Rājā Bhīm Chand abdicated in favour of his son, Ajmer Chand, in 1692. According to the Gurū kīāṅ Sākhīān, he died on 16 Assū, 1749 Bk/16 September 1692.


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  5. Sukhā Siṅgh, Gurbilās Dasvīṅ Pātshāhī. Lahore, 1912

K. S. Thāpar