BHŪMĀ SIṄGH (d. 1746), a Ḍhillon Jaṭṭ of the village of Huṅg near Badhṇī, in present-day Farīdkoṭ district of the Punjab, gathered power in men and money during Nādir Shāh's invasion of India in 1739. At the time of the death of Nawāb Zakarīyā Khān, the Mughal governor of the Punjab, Bhūmā Siṅgh's jathā was one of 25 roving bands of the Sikhs. Bhūmā Siṅgh commanded a body of about 300 men. It is believed that the name of the band, Bhāṅgī, owed its origin to Bhūmā Siṅgh, who used to pound bhaṅg (hemp) for preparing a cooling drink for Sikhs gathered at Amritsar during the summer months.

        Bhūmā Siṅgh lost his life fighting against the Mughals led by Dīwān Lakhpat Rāi in the Chhoṭā Ghallūghārā in 1746 near Kāhnūvān, in Gurdāspur district.


  1. Griffin, Lepel, and C. F. Massy, Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. Lahore, 1909
  2. Gupta, Hari Ram, History of the Sikhs, vol. IV. Delhi, 1982

Sardār Siṅgh Bhāṭīā