BIDHĪ CHAND, BHĀĪ (d. 1640), warrior as well as religious preacher of the time of Gurū Hargobind, was a Chhīnā Jaṭṭ of the village of Sursiṅgh, 34 km south of Amritsar (31º-37N, 74º-52'E). His father's name was Vassan and his grandfather's Bhikkhī. His mother was from Sirhālī, another village in the same district. As a young man Bidhī Chand had fallen into bad company and taken to banditry. One day, a pious Sikh, Bhāī Adalī of the village of Chohlā, led him into Gurū Arjan's presence. Bidhī Chand wished no longer to return home and decided to dedicate the rest of his life to the service of the Gurū. He was one of the five Sikhs chosen to accompany Gurū Arjan on his journey to Lahore where he was martyred in 1606. Gurū Hargobind chose him to be one of the commanders of the armed force he had raised and he displayed as a soldier great feats of valour in battles with the imperial troops. His best known exploit, however, was the recovery of two horses, Dilbāgh and Gulbāgh, from the stables of the governor of Lahore. The horses belonged to a Sikh who was bringing them from Kābul as an offering for Gurū Hargobind, but they were seized on the way by the Mughal satrap. The first horse Bidhī Chand recovered disguised as a hay seller, and the second disguised as an astrologer.

        Besides being a brave warrior, Bidhī Chand was well versed in Sikh lore and tenet. From Kīratpur, he was sent out by Gurū Hargobind on a preaching mission to the eastern provinces where a Muslim saint, Sundar Shāh of Devnagar, became so attached to him that, before he left for the Punjab, he secured his word that he would return and spend his last days with him. According to Gurbilās Chhevīṅ Pātshāhī, Bidhī Chand remembered his promise and, as he saw his end drawing near, he took his leave of Gurū Hargobind and went to Devnagar. The two friends spent three days reflecting together on the teaching of Gurū Nānak, whereafter, continues the Gurbilās, both died at the same time (14 August 1640). Sundar Shāh's disciples buried the one in accordance with Muslim rites and cremated the other in accordance with Sikh rites, and raised shrines in their honour. Some time later, Lāl Chand, a nephew of Bhāī Bidhī Chand, brought from the site of his shrine at Devnagar some earth over which he built a samādh in his ancestral village, Sursiṅgh.


  1. Gurbilās Chhevīṅ Pātshāhī. Patiala, 1970
  2. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurū Khālsā. Patiala, 1970
  3. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Religion. Oxford, 1909
  4. Banerjee, Indubhusan, Evolution of the Khalsa. Calcutta, 1980

Bhagat Siṅgh