BISHAN KAUR, mother of Mātā Gujarī and wife of Lāl Chand, was a woman gifted with good looks and fortune. Both husband and wife were the devoted Sikhs of Gurū Hargobind. They were among the guests assembled to witness the nuptial ceremonies of Sūraj Mall, son of Gurū Hargobind. It was there that she, as says Gurbilās Pātshāhī Chhevīṅ, had had a glimpse of young Tegh Bahādur who later occupied the holy office as the ninth Gurū of the Sikhs. She felt charmed by the handsome face of the young man and was doubly pleased to learn that he was still un-affianced. She saw him as the prospective groom for her seven-year old daughter, Gujarī. She and her husband went to Gurū Hargobind who willingly accepted the proposal. The marriage of Mātā Gujarī and Gurū Tegh Bahādur was solemnized on 9 Phāgun 1689 Bk/4 February 1633.


  1. Gurbilās Pātshāhī Chhevīṅ. Patiala, 1970
  2. Trilochan Singh, Guru Tegh Bahadur. Delhi, 1967
  3. Harbans Singh, Guru Tegh Bahadur. Delhi, 1982

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)