BUDDH SIṄGH BĀVĀ, an associate of Ṭhākur Siṅgh Sandhāṅvālīā, who served as a link between him and his contacts in Puṇchh and Kashmīr. He was the son of Faujdār Siṅgh, a Khatrī of Baṭālā, in Gurdāspur district. He was first employed as a Sardār in Kashmīr irregular force and served in that capacity for seventeen years. In 1880, he took service with Rājā Motī Siṅgh of Puṇchh and stayed with him for two years. Leaving his family at Koṭhī in Jammū, Buddh Siṅgh then moved to Nepal where he was employed as a captain in Kālī Bahādur regiment. He met Ṭhākur Siṅgh Sandhāṅvālīā at Paṭnā while on leave from Nepal. Ṭhākur Siṅgh sought Buddh Siṅgh's assistance to further the cause of Mahārājā Duleep Siṅgh and to secure for himself entry into Nepal. Buddh Siṅgh was at Amritsar when Ṭhākur Siṅgh left for Pondicherry, where he became prime minister to Mahārājā Duleep Siṅgh's emigre government. He stayed at Ṭhākur Siṅgh's havelī from where he distributed Ṭhākur Siṅgh's letters and messages to his friends. Buddh Siṅgh was arrested in November 1887 and detained in the Chunār Fort. He was released in December 1890.


  1. Ganda Singh, ed. , History of the Freedom Movement in the Punjab (Maharaja Duleep Singh Correspondence). Patiala, 1977
  2. Harbans Singh, The Heritage of the Sikhs. Delhi, 1983

K. S. Thāpar