BUDDH SIṄGH SANDHĀṄVĀLĪĀ (d. 1827), soldier and jāgīrdār in the time of Mahārājā Raṇjīt Siṅgh, was son of Amīr Siṅgh Sandhāṅvālīā, his two brothers being the more famous Lahiṇā Siṅgh Sandhāṅvālīā and Atar Siṅgh Sandhāṅvālīā. Buddh Siṅgh entered the Mahārājā's service in 1811. The first independent command he held was at Bahāwalpur where he had been sent to collect tax arrears. In 1821, he captured the forts of Maujgaṛh and Jāmgaṛh and received jāgīrs in reward from the Mahārājā. Later, he was sent to the Jammū hills in command of two regiments of infantry and one of cavalry. He also commanded a Sikh force in the battle of Ṭīrī in 1823. Not long afterwards, he fell from favour and, to keep him away from Lahore, the Mahārājā gave him the Peshāwar command and sent him into the Yūsafzaī country against Khalīfā Sayyid Ahmad, then preaching jihād against the Sikhs. Buddh Siṅgh fought against the Khalīfā and inflicted on him such a crushing defeat that it took him two years to recover his forces sufficiently to go to battle again. After this victory Buddh Siṅgh returned to Lahore, where he was received with much honour. A few months later, at the close of 1827, he died of cholera. The Mahārājā wrote a letter to his family expressing his grief at his death and regretting that so brave a man should have died in bed like a common mortal.


  1. Sūrī, Sohan Lāl, 'Umdāt-ut-Twārīkh. Lahore, 1885-89
  2. Griffin, Lepel, Ranjit Singh. Delhi, 1957
  3. Prinsep, Henry T. , Origin of the Sikh Power in the Punjab and Political Life of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Calcutta, 1834

B. J. Hasrat