BŪṬĀ SINGH, DĪWĀN (b. 1826), journalist, printer and one of the last employees of the Sikh royal household, was born the son of Gurdiāl Siṅgh at Lahore in 1826. He was a man of wealth and influence, being the owner of a chain of printing presses. In his earlier career, he had served as dīwān or household minister to Mahārāṇī Jind Kaur in whose cause he had attempted to raise disturbances just before the second Anglo-Sikh war for which he was deported from the Punjab to Allāhābād where he was kept a political prisoner for seven years. In 1866, he set up Āftāb-i-Punjab press in Lahore and issued in Urdu a fortnightly law journal, Anwār-ul-Shams. A branch of the press was opened at Ajmer where the Rājputānā government gazette used to be printed. In 1872, Būṭā Siṅgh founded the newspaper, Āftāb-i-Punjāb (Urdu), generally critical of the government's policy towards Mahārājā Duleep Siṅgh. Dīwān Būṭā Siṅgh was favourably disposed towards the Kūkā sect and applauded especially its pro-Duleep Siṅgh activity. He also served as a vice-president of the newly established Lahore Siṅgh Sabhā.


  1. Ganda Singh, ed. , History of the Freedom Movement in the Panjab (Maharaja Duleep Singh Correspondence). vol. III. Patiala, 1972
  2. Gill, Avtar Singh, Lahore Darbar and Rani Jindan. Ludhiana, 1983
  3. Jagjīt Siṅgh, Siṅgh Sabhā Lahir. Ludhiana, 1974

K. S. Thāpar