CHANDRA SAIN SAINĀPATI, commonly referred to as Saināpati and counted among the "fifty-two poets" of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh (1666-1708), was the son of Bāl Chand, an educated Mān Jaṭṭ of Lahore. His original name was Chandra Sain, Saināpati being the pseudonym he had taken. Chandra Sain, taught by one Devī Dās, joined the group of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh's poets, and rendered into Hindi verse Chāṇakya Nītī, the well-known Sanskrit treatise on statecraft and diplomacy. His Srī Gur Sobhā, a versified life-sketch of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh describing his major battles, the creation of the Khālsā, and events following the evacuation of Anandpur, is a work of much historical value. It was completed in 1711. The poet also lived for some time at Wazīrābād, in the present Gujrāṅwālā district of Pakistan, where he translated into Bhākhā verse a Sanskrit work on medicine, Rām Binod, earlier translated by a Hindi poet, Rām Chandra, in 1663 in mixed prose and verse. Saināpati entitled his translation, made at the instance of his friend, Jagat Rāi, a Brāhmaṇ vaid or physician of Wazīrābād, Sukh Sain Granth. Besides these three works, a fragment containing two kaṛakhās, a prosodic form, describing the battles of Bhaṅgāṇi and Fatehgaṛh Fort (Anandpur), respectively, also survives.


  1. Gandā Siṅgh, ed. , Srī Gur Sobhā. Patiala, 1980
  2. Santokh Siṅgh, Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1926-37
  3. Giān Siṅgh, Giānī, Twārīkh Gurū Khālsā. Patiala, 1970
  4. Padam, Piārā Siṅgh, Darbārī Ratan. Patiala, 1976

Piārā Siṅgh Padam