CHARAN SIṄGH, BHĀĪ (1902-1921), son of Bhāī Gurdit Siṅgh and Māī Sadā Kaur of the village of Koṭlā Santā Siṅgh in Sheikhūpurā district, now in Pakistan, was born on 12 Maghar 1959 Bk/26 November 1902. His original name was Karnail Siṅgh and he was renamed Charan Siṅgh when he received the vows of the Khālsā. He attended the village primary school. He had a musical voice and got up a ḍhāḍī jathā (band of preachers singing heroic ballads from Sikh history to the accompaniment of small tambourines called ḍhaḍs and a sāraṅgī, a stringed instrument). He himself played the sāraṅgī. He was present at the historic Dhārovālī conference (1-3 October 1920) and at the time of the liberation of Darbār Sāhib Tarn Tāran (27 January 1921). Charan Siṅgh was a member of Bhāī Lachhmaṇ Siṅgh Dhārovālī's jathā doing duty as a correspondent writing letters to volunteers summoning them to the liberation of Gurdwārā Janam Asthān at Nankāṇā Sāhib. He himself accompanied the jathā and fell a victim in the violence unleashed by the custodian Naraiṇ Dās and his men (20 February 1921).



    Shamsher, Gurbakhsh Singh, Shahīdī Jīvan. Nankana Sahib, 1938

Gurcharan Siṅgh Giānī