DESĀṄ, MĀĪ (d. 1778), daughter of Amīr Siṅgh of Gujrāṅwālā, was married to Chaṛhat Siṅgh Sukkarchakkīā in 1756. When her husband died in 1770, their eldest son, Mahāṅ Siṅgh, was barely ten years old. Māī Desāṅ took the control of the Sukkarchakkīā misl or chiefship into her own hands, and showed uncommon sagacity and courage in administering its affairs. She had the advantage of the advice of her brothers, Gurbakhsh Siṅgh and Dal Siṅgh, and of the support of Jai Siṅgh of the Kanhaiya misl. One of the first tasks she undertook was the rebuilding of the fort at Gujrāṅwālā which had been destroyed by Ahmad Shāh Durrānī. She renamed the new fort Mahāṅ Siṅgh kī Gaṛhī. She brought further strength to the misl by securing influential matrimonial alliances for her children. She married off her daughter, Rāj Kaur, to Sāhib Siṅgh, of the Bhaṅgī misl, and her son, Mahāṅ Siṅgh, to the daughter of the Rājā of Jīnd. She died in 1778.


  1. Griffin, Lepel, Ranjit Siṅgh. Oxford, 1905
  2. Harbans Singh, Maharaja Ranjit Siṅgh. Delhi, 1980
  3. Sītal, Sohan Siṅgh, Sikh Mislāṅ. Ludhiana, 1952

J. S. Khurānā