DĪPĀ, BHĀĪ, was a devoted Sikh of Gurū Arjan's time (Bhāī Gurdās, Vārāṅ, XI. 22). He zealously served in the Gurū kā Laṅgar. He cooked food and served it to visiting Sikhs. He took the last turn and ate what was left over. He washed with warm water the feet of those who came from afar and kneaded their limbs to relieve them of fatigue. On cold winter nights he went round adjusting the quilts and coverlets of sleeping visitors. Upon his lips were always the Gurū's hymns. According to Bhāī Manī Siṅgh, Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā, Gurū Arjan pleased with his devotion, once said, "Dīpā is a dīpak, i. e. a lamp. As one lamp flame lights another, so would Bhāī Dīpā, having received true knowledge, diffuse it among those who come in contact with him. " Bhāī Dīpā was appointed a masand, or area leader to spread the Gurū's message.


  1. Manī Siṅgh, Bhāī, Sikhāṅ dī Bhagat Mālā. Amritsar, 1955
  2. Santokh Singh Bhāī, Srī Gur Pratāp Sūraj Granth. Amritsar, 1926-37

Tāran Siṅgh