GAṄGĀ, MĀTĀ (d. 1621), consort of Gurū Arjan (1563-1606), Nānak V, was the daughter of Bhāī Krishan Chand of the village of Mau, 10 km west of Phillaur in the Punjab. The nuptial ceremonies took place at her village on 19 June 1589. She was the mother of Gurū Hargobind born to her at Vaḍālī, near Amritsar, on 19 June 1595. She died at Bakālā (now Bābā Bakālā) on 14 May 1621. Her dead body was immersed in the River Beās in deference to her wish that her body be consigned to water, as had been her husband's, and not burnt. However, a symbolic cremation was also carried out and a samādh built at Bakālā, which has since been replaced by a shrine named Gurdwārā Mātā Gaṅgā.


  1. Gurbilās Pātshāhī Chhevīṅ. Patiala, 1970
  2. Satibīr Siṅgh, Paratakhu Hari. Jalandhar, 1982

Major Gurmukh Siṅgh (Retd.)